We never know what kind of emergency situation we might come across in our day to day life. So knowing basic first aid is very much necessary that can help in such situations. Not only can it of our personal use but also to help others in times of need. There are many cases that people encounter where they have no idea of how to deal with the situation and how to help themselves our or any other person. There are even cases where people might die due to a lack of knowledge on first aid.
So it can be of great help to learn the basics of first aid for different kinds of emergencies. Sometimes, when people get hurt, they do not have anybody around them or chances are they might be staying alone. These people, especially, should learn the first aid basics for all kinds of emergencies. One more important thing about why you should be aware of first aid basics is that you might not want to worsen the injury while trying to help or treating yourself.
So here are 11 quick first aid tips that you should definitely know.
1. Scars –
Scars the most common form of injuries and they happen for everyone more than once in their lifetime. If you ever get hurt, use baking soda on the scar as it has disinfectant properties. You can also use it as an antiseptic by mixing it with water. Be sure to expose the wound a bit to the open air and upon any infection, go to a doctor soon.
2. Wounds –
We all are victims of wounds, either minor or major. In such situations, we need to use a bandage around the wound and then rise to slightly above the level of your heart. This will help reduce the swelling as it calms that area by draining away that fluid from it. In cases where the wounds are on your hips or buttocks, use a pillow for elevation.
3. Splinters –
These are again a common type of injury. Splinters have the ability to cause skin infection as they are full of germs, so first clean that area with an antiseptic. Take a needle sterilized in hot water and dislodge the splinter. Now remove it with a tweezer and wash the area with water and soap.
4. Cuts –
Cuts happen most of the time, mostly when you are distracted or do not pay attention to the work you are doing or just unknowingly. Whatever the reason, the first thing to do after getting a cut is to stop the blood flow. So apply gentle pressure on the cut for some time and then clean it under running water and do not use any soap directly on to the cut. Apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage.
5. Eye injuries –
As eyes are very delicate and sensitive, in case of severe injuries you should seek immediate medical help. Self-treating or ignoring it in such conditions can lead to permanent damage. If chemicals gets into your eye, then immediately flush them with a lot of water and in case of any trauma, clean the injury, cover it and visit a doctor.
6. Sprain –
Every now and then we see people getting a sprain and mostly on their legs. Though sprains are self healing, they are extremely painful and swell a lot. You can wrap ice in a cloth and apply it on the area to reduce swelling. Then using a bandage compress the area but not so tightly that blood flow is restricted. Always keep the leg in an elevated position for faster recovery.
7. Fractures –
It is hard for many people to immediately differentiate between a sprain and a fracture. So it is always best to visit a doctor immediately. But before that, try not to straighten the fractured area and stabilize it by padding. Apply an ice pack covered with a cloth and keep the area elevated. An anti-inflammatory drug like ibuprofen has to be given.
8. Burns –
Minor burns like 1st degree and mild 2nd-degree burns can be given first aid on the spot but burns that are severe than that like 3rd or 4th degree need immediate medical assistance. For slight burns, run clean water over the burned area and apply a moisturizer. Aloe vera helps in soothing the area and then take a pain reliever. Stay out of sunlight.
9. Snake bites –
It is totally ridiculous to try sucking out the poison from a snake bite as it will practically reach into the bloodstream quick enough. So instead of that call for medical help immediately and try not to panic. Because if you panic you heart rate gets faster which makes it easier for the venom to reach the heart and kill the person. So do not do anything that makes your heart beat faster. Apply coconut oil on that area and bandage it if possible to avoid other infections.
10. Bee sting –
Most people do not have an idea on how to deal with a bee sting. You can feel an extreme throbbing pain because of its stinger. So remove it immediately as the stinger releases a scent that attracts other bees. The wash the wound and apply a cold compress.
11. Heart attack –
This is a very important first aid tip you should know as you can save yourself or other person’s life. Chewing an aspirin while you are starting to have a heart attack helps as it will inhibit the blood platelets from forming a clot in the arteries and leading to a heart attack. Rather than swallowing it, chew it as this will work faster.
So here are the 11 important first aid tips to the commonly occurring emergencies. Keep them in mind and use these techniques in times of need. Also, it can be very helpful if you share these methods with other people as well because you never know what emergencies people will encounter in their lifetime.